Thyroid and Fertility

Thyroid and Fertility

The function of the Thyroid gland:

The Thyroid gland is an endocrine gland situated in front of the neck which produces thyroid hormones to regulate the body’s metabolism. An imbalance in the thyroid hormone secretions can have a negative impact on reproductive health in both males and females, it can also affect the ongoing pregnancy.

Thyroid hormones include:- Thyroid Releasing Hormone (TRH) released from the brain(hypothalamus), which stimulates the pituitary gland located at the base of the brain to release Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH) which in turn stimulates the thyroid gland to produce Thyroxine (T4) & Triiodothyronine (T3). Much of T4 is converted to T3 (the active form) in the liver.

#Hyperthyroidism (overactive thyroid)- thyroid gland produces more thyroid hormones

#Hypothyroidism (underactive thyroid)- fewer thyroid hormones secretion

⁠Imbalanced thyroid hormones and Female fertility:

> Menstrual irregularities (symptoms ranging from no bleeding to heavy heavy bleeding)

> Anovulation (failure to release an egg)

> Unexplained infertility

> Luteal phase problems (the second half of the cycle after the release of an egg)

> Early pregnancy miscarriages

Imbalanced thyroid hormones and Male fertility:

> Affects the semen volume and motility of sperms

> Erectile dysfunction

> Ejaculatory delay

> Loss of libido

> Male breast enlargement

For any infertile couple thyroid hormones screening is a must. Once the underlying thyroid problems are treated with medications, and thyroid hormones return to adequate levels, many times fertility may be restored.

Share this page

About Us

GarbhaGudi is a chain of New-Generation Infertility Treatment Hospitals equipped with state-of- art-infrastructure & cutting-edge IVF Technology to address infertility issues & their emotional & mental effects on couples. We have a team of qualified & experienced doctors; their in-depth knowledge & expertise leaves no stone unturned to solve all your infertility issues. The Supportive & caring staff is always by your side to motivate & guide you throughout the journey. GarbhaGudi IVF, the best fertility treatment hospital in Bangalore, provides emotional support to couples facing infertility issues and sexual problems

Contact Us