Infertility has been a growing issue these days due to several factors including lifestyle, environment, overall general health, etc. Development in Reproductive Medicine has introduced various treatment methods to treat infertility issues. Some are nonsurgical while some are surgical. Depending on the underlying cause, the specialist will determine whether the treatment is nonsurgical or surgical. Some of the surgical procedures to diagnose and treat infertility are:
Laparoscopy And Laparotomy
The abdomen is first inflated with gas and once the abdomen gets inflated, the laparoscope is inserted through small incisions on the abdomen. A laparoscopic procedure is performed to identify the causes of infertility due to the following conditions:
• Scar tissue.
• Abnormality of the fallopian tubes.
• Fibroid tumours.
• Abnormalities of the uterus and the ovaries.
Once the cause is identified, it is treated by using surgical instruments through small incisions. In addition to this, an open surgery such as a laparotomy is performed to reconnect fallopian tubes that have been surgically sealed. Laparotomy is also performed in certain complex cases of endometriosis or fibroids.
Varicose veins within the scrotum can cause infertility as it affects sperm quality. Therefore, varicocelectomy is performed to surgically remove or ligate the varicose veins through a small incision in the groin area. This procedure is usually performed in association with a urology specialist
Vasoepididymostomy or Vasovasostomy
This procedure similar to varicocelectomy is performed along with a urologist. The procedure is performed to reconnect the vas deferens thus allowing the sperm to flow into the seminal fluid.
It must be noted there are certain surgical complications associated with these surgeries. Some of the surgical complications are:
• Allergic reaction – there is a possibility of developing an allergic reaction to the anaesthetic given before performing the procedure.
• Hematoma formation – There could be the formation of a hematoma at the laparoscopic port sites. Although this is a rare possibility, it can still be significant.
• Adhesion formation – Formation of adhesions after abdominal surgery is not uncommon.
• Nerve damage.
• Injury to surrounding structures – There also exists a probability of injury to the structures surrounding the structure the surgery is performed due to penetration of the surgical instrument.
Irrespective of the complications, symptomatic treatment is a way to address those.
Any of the above procedures could be performed to better delineate the cause of infertility and to treat the issue. Since all these procedures require expertise, it is advisable to consult a specialist skilled at performing the procedures.
Whatsoever be the amplitude of the issue and the complications associated with the procedures involved, GarbhaGudi ensures the best treatment with good success rates. With our well-equipped labs, procedure rooms, and expert doctors, treatment with success is for certain. With everything under one roof, it makes it easy for the patients to undergo the treatment even if it has a series of procedures involved from the onset till the completion of the treatment.